Tuesday, October 10, 2017
Owning Quality in Agile: #PNSQC Live Blog Day 2
This morning, the theme for 2018 was announced. It will be "On The Road to Quality" and I am already thinking about what I'd like to pitch for a paper and talk next year. No guarantee it will be accepted, but I'm looking forward to the process anyway.
The first talk this morning is "Who Owns Quality in Agile?" by Katy Sherman and she started out with a number of questions for us. Actually, she started the morning with a dance session/audience participation event. No, I'm not kidding :).
Katy shared the example of her own company and the fact that her organization had two pulling interests. In some cases, testers felt they didn't have enough time to test. On the other hand, developers felt like they had too much time with nothing to do. One of the challenges is that there is still a holdover from older times as to what quality means. Is it conformance to requirements? Or is it something else? How about thinking of quality as meeting both the explicit and implied needs of the customers? We want conformance, we want user satisfaction and we want our applications to perform well, even if they don't know what performing well even means. Ultimately, what this means is that Quality cannot be achieved through testing (or at least not testing alone.
In some ways, there's still an us vs them attitude when it comes to being a developer or being a tester in an Agile team. For my view, silos are unhealthy and perpetuate problems. There's an attitude that testing in extra, that having a dedicated tester is a frustrating overhead and wouldn't it be great if we could do away with it? Some developers don't want to test. Some testers struggle with the idea of becoming programmers. Many of us are in between. As a tester that has reported to test managers and to development managers, there's a need to be direct and show what you can bring to the table and to express issues and concerns in a similar way (perhaps not exactly the same but feel confident that both can be taught to understand the issues). In my own work, I have determined that "being a tester" alone isn't a realistic option at my company. There is too much work and there are too few people to do it, so everyone needs to develop their skills and branch into avenues that may not necessarily be their specific job title. Consider the idea that we are all software engineers. Yes, I realize that engineer is a term that has baggage, but it works for the current discussion.
There is a lot of possible cross training and learning that can happen. Developers being taught how to test is as important as testers being taught how to code. Perhaps it is even more important. Testers can learn a lot about the infrastructure. Testers can learn how to deploy environments, how to perform builds, how to set up a repository for code checkout, and yes, the old perennial favorite, work with automating repetitive tasks. Please do not believe that more automation will eliminate active human testing. Yes, it is true that it may well end a lot of low-level testing and that it will eliminate a number of jobs focused on that very low level, but testers who are curious and engaged in learning and understanding the product are probably the least likely to be turned out. I'm mimicking Alan Page and Brent Jenson of A/B Testing at this point, but if testers are concerned about their future at their current company, perhaps a better question to ask would be "what value am I able to bring to my company and in what areas am I capable of bringing it?
One of the key areas that we can make improvements is in the data sets and the data that we use to both set up tests as well as to gather to analyze the output. Data drives everything, so being able to rive the testing by data and analyze the resulting data produced (yes, this is getting meta, sorry about that ;) ). By getting an understanding of the underlying data and learning how to manipulate it (whether directly or through programmatic means) we can help shape the approaches to test as well as the predictions of application behavior.
Is QA at a crossroads? Perhaps yes. There is a very real chance that the job structure of QA will change in the coming years Let's be clear, testing itself isn't going anywhere. It will still happen. For things that really matter, there will still be testing and probably lots of it. Who will be doing it is another story. It is possible that programmers will do a majority of the testing at some point. It's possible that automation will become so sophisticated and all-encompassing that machines will do all of the testing efforts. I'm highly skeptical of that latter projections, but I'm much less skeptical of the former. IT's very likely that there will be a real merging of Development and QA. In short, everyone is a developer. Everyone is a tester. Everyone is a Quality Engineer. Even in that worldview, we will not all be the same and do exactly the same things. Some people will do more coding, some people will do more testing, some people will do more operations. The key point will be less of a focus on the job title and a rigorously defined role. Work will be fluid and the needs of the point in time will determine what we are doing on any given day. Personally, that's a job I'd be excited to do.
This is a 90-minute talk, so I'll be adding to it and updating it as I go. More to come...